TENSILE STRENGTH ANALYSIS OF SEA PANDAN LEAVES (PANDANUS TECTORIUS) FIBER REINFORCED EPOXY COMPOSITE

Dwi Hartini, Lazuardy Rahendra Pinandita, Pramuda Naufal Mubarak

Submitted : 2022-05-14, Published : 2022-07-01.

Abstract

The use of sea pandan leaves (pandanus tectorius) as a composite material is intended to reduce the use of synthetic fibers and increase the use of sea pandan leaves which are still wasted. This study aims to determine the tensile strength of the fiber composite of sea pandan leaves based on the manufacturing method and the direction of the fiber used. Composite manufacture using Hand Lay Up and Vacuum Bag methods. The direction of the fiber used is 00 and 900. Tensile test is based on ASTM D3039. The results showed that the composites made using the Vacuum Bag method had a higher tensile strength than the composites made using the Hand Lay Up method, which was 16.54 MPa for the 00 fiber direction and 13.60 MPa for the 900 fiber direction. The tensile strength of the composite using the 00 fiber direction is higher than the composite using the 900 fiber direction, which is 6.48 MPa for the Hand Lay Up method and 16.54 MPa for the Vacuum Bag method.

Keywords

Composite; Sea Pandan Leaves; Tensile Strength

Full Text:

PDF

References

Ronald F. Gibson. 1994. Principle of Composite Materials Mechanics. Departement of Metallurgical Engineering, Utah.

Hilmi Iman Firmansyah, Anindito Purnowidodo, Sofyan Arief Setyabudi. 2018. Pengaruh Mechanical Bonding pada Aluminium dengan Serat Karbon terhadap Kekuatan Tarik Fiber Metal Laminates. Jurnal Rekayasa Mesin Vol.9, No.2, pp. 127-134.

Zulkifli, Hermansyah, H. dan Mulyanto, S., 2018. Analisa Kekuatan Tarik dan Bentuk Patahan Komposit Serat Sabuk Kelapa Bermatriks Epoxy terhadap Variasi Fraksi Volume Serat. Jurnal Teknologi Terpadu, 6(2): 90-95.

Dalimunthe, Khairatullaila. 2019. Uji Sifat Fisik Tali pada Berbagai Jenis Serat Daun Pandan (Pandanaceae). Sumatera Utara. Universitas Sumatera Utara.

Gusmailina, 2010. Peningkatan Teknik Pengolahan Pandan (Bagian 1): Pewarnaan dan Pengeringan. Jurnal Penelitian Hasil Hutan, 28(1): 66-76.

Sugangga, I.K.A., Sinarep, I.D.K Okariawan. Analisa Pengaruh Fraksi Volume Serat Daun Pandan Laut pada Skins dengan Matrik Polyester terhadap Kekuatan Bending dan Kekuatan Tekan Tepi Komposit Sandwich dengan Core Polyurethane. Jurnal Keilmuan dan Terapan Teknik Mesin.

Nuryati, R.Rizki Amalia, Nina Hairiyah. 2020. Pembuatan Komposit dari Limbah Plastik Polyethylene Terephthalate (Pet) Berbasis Serat Alam Daun Pandan Laut (Pandanus Tectorius). Jurnal Agro Industri. Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 107-117.

Khairul Anam, Anindito Purnowidodo, Sofyan Arief Setyabudi. 2018. Pengaruh Woven Angle dan Proses Penekanan Terhadap Tegangan Tarik pada Natural Fiber Laminate Composite. Jurnal Rekayasa Mesin. Vol.9, No.3, pp. 155-162.

Wibowo, Lukas Felix. 2019. Pengaruh Fraksi Volume Serat Daun Pandan Laut Terhadap Kekuatan Tarik dan Morfologi Komposit Polipropilena. Yogyakarta. Sekolah Tinggi Teknologi Adisutjipto.

Wibowo, Brillian Indra. 2019. Analisis Proses Penggabungan Komposit Menggunakan Adhesive Bonding Beserta Kekuatannya Terhadap Uji Tarik. Yogyakarta. Sekolah Tinggi Teknologi Adisutjipto.

ASTM D3039. Standard Test Method For Tensile Properties Of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials. Philadelphia, PA : American Society for Testing and Materials.

Article Metrics

Abstract view: 40 times
Download     : 15   times

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.