Influence of Biomass Based Carbon Black as Filler Composite on Tensile and Impact Strength

Nurfi Ahmadi, Fajar Nugroho


Carbon blacks (CB), derived from agricultural waste, bamboo stem, coconut shells  and oil palm empty fiber bunch, were obtained by pyrolysi used as filler in epoxy composites. The aim of this study was to identify the effect of biomass based carbon black on the tensile and impact strength  carbon black – epoxy composite. In this research, carbon black was biomass based. The matrix was epoxy resin Bakelite EPR 174 and epoxy hardener versamid 140 while, the methodology for making the composite was hand lay-up method. The composite were made at 5, 10, 15, 20 volume percentage  carbon black then the composite tested with the tensile and impact strength. The highest tensile strength was 44,65 MPa 5 volume percentage  carbon black and the highest impact strength was 5.47 MPa volume percentage  carbon black. While, based on the result of Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) analysis showed there were agglomeration at the particle of carbon black, pull out, and void.


composite, epoxy resin, carbon black, tensile strength, impact strength


Rizkyta, A. G., & Ardhyananta, H, “Pengaruh Penambahan Karbon terhadap Sifat Mekanik dan Konduktivitas Listrik Komposit Karbon/Epoksi Sebagai Pelat Bipolar Polimer Elektrolit Membran Sel Bahan Bakar (Polymer Exchange Membran (PEMFC))”, Jurnal Teknik ITS, 2(1), F36-F40, 2013

Cha, J., Jin, S., Shim, J. H., Park, C. S., Ryu, H. J., & Hong, S. H., “Functionalization of Carbon Nanotubes for Fabrication of CNT/Epoxy Nanocomposites”, Materials & Design, 95, 1-,2016

Sung, P. C., Chiu, T. H., & Chang, S. C, “Microwave curing of carbon nanotube/epoxy adhesives”, Composites science and technology, 104, 97-103, 2014

Guadagno, L., Vertuccio, L., Sorrentino, A., Raimondo, M., Naddeo, C., Vittoria, V., ... & Russo, S., “Mechanical and Barrier Properties of Epoxy Resin Filled With Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes”, Carbon, 47(10), 2419-2430, 2009

Wernik, J. M., & Meguid, S. A., “On The Mechanical Characterization Of Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Epoxy Adhesives”, Materials & Design, 59, 19-32, 2014

Khalil, H. A., Firoozian, P., Bakare, I. O., Akil, H. M., & Noor, A. M.,”Exploring Biomass Based Carbon Black As Filler In Epoxy Composites: Flexural And Thermal Properties”, Materials & Design, 31(7), 3419-3425, 2010

Leman, Z., Sapuan, S. M., Saifol, A. M., Maleque, M. A., & Ahmad, M. M. H. M., “Moisture Absorption Behavior Of Sugar Palm Fiber Reinforced Epoxy Composites”, Materials & Design, 29(8), 1666-1670, 2008

McIntyre, S., Kaltzakorta, I., Liggat, J. J., Pethrick, R. A., & Rhoney, I., “Influence Of The Epoxy Structure On The Physical Properties Of Epoxy Resin Nanocomposites”, Industrial & engineering chemistry research, 44(23), 8573-8579, 2005

Sui, G., Zhong, W. H., Liu, M. C., & Wu, P. H., “Enhancing Mechanical Properties Of An Epoxy Resin Using “Liquid Nano-Reinforcements””. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 512(1-2), 139-142, 2009

F. Nugroho, “Pengaruh Kandungan Partikel Serbuk Genteng Sokka Terhadap Kekuatan Tarik Dan Kekuatan Impak Pada Komposit Bermatriks Epoxy,” Conference SENATIK STT Adisutjipto Yogyakarta, vol. 3, Dec. 2017.

Article Metrics

Abstract view: 130 times
Download     : 91   times

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


  • There are currently no refbacks.