Fajar Nugroho, Sudarmanto Sudarmanto


Natural fiber reinforced polymer composites are widely developed because of their relative low price and eco-friendly. One of natural fiber sourches is pandanus tectorius leaf.  This study aimed to determine the effect of variations in fiber volume fraction on tensile strength, impact strength, bending strength and morphological on sea pandanus fibers- polypropylene composites.Tensile test spesimen refer to ASTMD 638, impact test spesimen refes to ASTMD 5942-96, bending test spesimen refer to ASTMD 790 -02. The increasing of the volume fraction increased  the tensile strength and impact strength. The tensile test results showed the highest tensile strength results for composites with a volume fraction of 35% was 25.82 MPa. The impact test results showed that the highest impact strength was obtained in the 35 % volume fraction of 0.0062 Joule/mm2. The bending test results showed that the highest bending strength was obtained in the 20% volume fraction of 24.96 MPa. Based on SEM test results, there were voids, cracks, fibers pull out on the composite.


fiber-polypropylene composites, tensile strength, impact strength, bending strength, morpological composite.


Alvarez, V. A., Fraga, A. N., & Vazquez, A. (2004). Effects of the moisture and fiber content on the mechanical properties of biodegradable polymer–sisal fiber biocomposites. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 91(6), 4007-4016.

Sosiati, H., Pratiwi, H., & Wijayanti, D. A. (2015). The Influence of Alkali Treatments on Tensile Strength and Surface Morphology of Cellulose Microfibrils. In Advanced Materials Research (Vol. 1123, pp. 147-150). Trans Tech Publications.

Sanjay, M. R., Madhu, P., Jawaid, M., Senthamaraikannan, P., Senthil, S., & Pradeep, S. (2018). Characterization and properties of natural fiber polymer composites: A comprehensive review. Journal of Cleaner Production, 172, 566-581.

Elanchezhian, C., Ramnath, B. V., Ramakrishnan, G., Rajendrakumar, M., Naveenkumar, V., & Saravanakumar, M. K. (2018). Review on mechanical properties of natural fiber composites. Materials Today: Proceedings, 5(1), 1785-1790.

Sailesh, A., Arunkumar, R., & Saravanan, S. (2018). Mechanical Properties and Wear Properties of Kenaf–Aloe Vera–Jute Fiber Reinforced Natural Fiber Composites. Materials Today: Proceedings, 5(2), 7184-7190.

Thomson, L. A., Englberger, L., Guarino, L., Thaman, R. R., & Elevitch, C. R. (2006). Pandanus tectorius (pandanus). Species profiles for Pacific Island agroforestry.

Fávaro, S. L., Lopes, M. S., de Carvalho Neto, A. G. V., de Santana, R. R., & Radovanovic, E. (2010). Chemical, morphological, and mechanical analysis of rice husk/post-consumer polyethylene composites. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 41(1), 154-160.

Xie, Y., Hill, C. A., Xiao, Z., Militz, H., & Mai, C. (2010). Silane coupling agents used for natural fiber/polymer composites: A review. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 41(7), 806-819.

Alamri, H., & Low, I. M. (2012). Effect of water absorption on the mechanical properties of n-SiC filled recycled cellulose fibre reinforced epoxy eco-nanocomposites. Polymer Testing, 31(6), 810-818.

Scalici, T., Fiore, V., & Valenza, A. (2016). Effect of plasma treatment on the properties of Arundo Donax L. leaf fibres and its bio-based epoxy composites: A preliminary study. Composites Part B: Engineering, 94, 167-175.

Yan, L., Chouw, N., Huang, L., & Kasal, B. (2016). Effect of alkali treatment on microstructure and mechanical properties of coir fibres, coir fibre reinforced-polymer composites and reinforced-cementitious composites. Construction and Building Materials, 112, 168-182.

Ardanuy, M., Claramunt, J., & Toledo Filho, R. D. (2015). Cellulosic fiber reinforced cement-based composites: A review of recent research. Construction and building materials, 79, 115-128.

Sawsen, C., Fouzia, K., Mohamed, B., & Moussa, G. (2015). Effect of flax fibers treatments on the rheological and the mechanical behavior of a cement composite. Construction and Building Materials, 79, 229-235.

Punyamurthy, R., Sampathkumar, D., Ranganagowda, R. P. G., Bennehalli, B., & Srinivasa, C. V. (2017). Mechanical properties of abaca fiber reinforced polypropylene composites: Effect of chemical treatment by benzenediazonium chloride. Journal of King Saud University-Engineering Sciences, 29(3), 289-294.

Faruk, O., Bledzki, A. K., Fink, H. P., & Sain, M. (2012). Biocomposites reinforced with natural fibers: 2000–2010. Progress in polymer science, 37(11), 1552-1596.

Qian, S., Wang, H., Zarei, E., & Sheng, K. (2015). Effect of hydrothermal pretreatment on the properties of moso bamboo particles reinforced polyvinyl chloride composites. Composites Part B: Engineering, 82, 23-29.

Di Bella, G., Fiore, V., & Valenza, A. (2010). Effect of areal weight and chemical treatment on the mechanical properties of bidirectional flax fabrics reinforced composites. Materials & Design, 31(9), 4098-4103.

Sood, M., & Dwivedi, G. (2018). Effect of fiber treatment on flexural properties of natural fiber reinforced composites: A review. Egyptian journal of petroleum, 27(4), 775-783.

Mardiyati, M., Rizkiansyah, R. R., & Purnomo, I. (2016). Sifat Mekanik Komposit Polipropilena Berpenguat Serat Sansevieria Unidirectional. Mesin, 25(2), 73-82.

Pratiwi, H. (2016, November). The Effects of Mixing and Curing on Morphological and Mechanical Properties of Epoxy-Albasia Composites. In Conference SENATIK STT Adisutjipto Yogyakarta (Vol. 2, pp. 55-61).

Pratiwi, H. (2018). Influence of Albasia Wood on Mechanical Properties and Morphology of Epoxy Composites. Angkasa: Jurnal Ilmiah Bidang Teknologi, 10(2), 116-121.

Nugroho, F. (2016, November). Studi Pengaruh Proses Manufaktur Komposit Bermatrik Epoksi Terhadap Kekuatan Tarik dan Impak pada Komposit Hybrid Berpenguat Serbuk Kayu Albasia dan Serat Gelas. In Conference SENATIK STT Adisutjipto Yogyakarta (Vol. 2, pp. 41-47).

Article Metrics

Abstract view: 335 times
Download     : 96   times

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


  • There are currently no refbacks.