VARIASI SUDUT PANCAR BURNER CUP UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PERFORMA PEMBAKARAN PADA KOMPOR BERBAHAN BAKAR BIOGAS MENUJU DESA MANDIRI ENERGI DI YOGYAKARTA

Kris Hariyanto, Benedictus Mardwianta

Abstract

Biogas is an alternative energy sources as a substitute for fossil fuels in household activities daily, but there are obstacles in the use of biogas, namely the difficulty of arranging a flame that is stable and fuel consumption relatively less efficient biogas. So it takes a design development system that will produce a burning stove produces biogas-fueled stove fits the purpose of research, on the other hand biogas stove should be simple, cheap production price, maximum efficiency and safe to use. Stages in the study include: desk assessment, creation of objective requirements design, manufacture conceptual and basic design, manufacture real stove. As for knowing the performance of the stove carried stove performance tests are: test flame stability and efficiency. The results showed that the efficiency of the biogas stove design results in only 31 percent higher than the efficiency of biogas stoves old design, while the fuel consumption of biogas stoves new design is 16 percent lower when compared with fuel consumption of biogas stoves old design. In terms of manufacture and ease of repair and maintenance of gas cookers new design is more easily repaired and easy to make and simple in form compared with the old design biogas stoves.

Keywords

design, efficiency, biogas stoves, fu el consumption

References

Sugiyono, A., 2010, Pengembangan Energi Alternatif di Derah Istimewa Yogyakarta: Prospek Jangka Panjang, Proceeding Call for Paper Seminar Nasional VI Universitas Teknologi Yogyakarta, pp. 1-13.

Seadi, T.A., Rutz, D., Prassl, H., K├Âttner, M., Finsterwalder, T., Volk, S., and Janssen, R., 2008, Biogas handbook, University of Southern Denmark Esbjerg, Esbjerg.

Engineering design and economic evaluation o f a family-sized biogas project in Nigeria. [Online]. Available:

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166497299001054, diakses tanggal12 September 2015.

Itodo, I.N., Agyo, G.E., and Yusuf, P., 2007, Performance evaluation o f a biogas stove for cooking in Nigeria, J. Energy South Africa., vol. 18, no. 3, p. 15.

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